Bedrest for a few days when you suffer from an infection is one of the risk factors for the development of a venous thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism (venous thromboembolic disease, VTE). Doctors of the RIETE group have observed that in patients immobilized by an infection, VTE has different characteristics compared to patients immobilized by other reasons. They even detected differences depending on the location of the infection.
Investigators observed this situation in more than 47.300 patients, who comprise the Computerized Registry of Patients with Venous Thromboembolism (RIETE). They noticed that:
- it is more frequent to find pulmonary embolism in patients with airway infections (bronchitis or pneumonia), than in other infections.
- Patients with VTE after sepsis showed a significantly higher risk of fatal bleeding.
- Patients with pneumonia received prophylaxis against VTE more frequently than those affected by other respiratory infections.
- Compared to patients immobilized by other causes, patients who suffered VTE after an infection needed less days of immobilization.
Despite these considerations, RIETE group specialists consider that we still have to investigate more and better the relationship between VTE and patients immobilized due to an infection.